Aadhaar is a 12-digit unique identification number issued by the Indian government to every individual resident of India. It serves as a proof of identity and address, anywhere in India. The Aadhaar card, also known as the “Aadhaar card,” contains the individual’s demographic and biometric information, such as their name, date of birth, photograph, and fingerprints.
The Aadhaar card is issued by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), an agency of the Government of India. The UIDAI maintains a centralized database of all Aadhaar card holders and assigns each individual a unique Aadhaar number. The purpose of the Aadhaar card is to provide a single, unique identifier for every resident of India that can be easily verified and authenticated online.
Aadhaar is used for a variety of purposes, including as a proof of identity for opening bank accounts, obtaining a SIM card for a mobile phone, and availing government services such as pension and subsidies. It has also been made mandatory for filing tax returns and obtaining a permanent account number (PAN) for tax purposes.