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Bharat mein anek prakar ke kanoon hain jo alag-alag kshetron ko regula karte hain. Yahan kuch mukhya prakar ke kanoon hain jo Bharatiya samaj aur samvidhan ke antargat aate hain:

1. Samvidhan: Bharat ka Samvidhan desh ki mool pravrittiyon aur vyavastha ko niyantrit karta hai. Yah Bharat ki sabse unchi kanooni dhara hai, jo 26 January 1950 se prabhutva mein aayi thi.

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2. Nagrik Kanoon (Civil Law): Nagrik kanoon vyakti ke vyaktigat adhikaron aur jimmedariyon ko niyantrit karta hai. Ismein sampatti, vivah, talak, bachchon ki dekhbhal, vaasiyat, aur anya vyaktigat mamle shamil hote hain.

3. Dandik Kanoon (Criminal Law): Dandik kanoon apradhon aur unke dand ke liye zimmedar hota hai. Yeh kanoon samaj ko surakshit rakhne ka kaam karta hai aur jinhe koi bhi aparadh ki aarop lagata hai, unhe nyay pradan karta hai.

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4. Vyavsayik Kanoon (Commercial Law): Vyavsayik kanoon vyavsay aur vyavsayik gatividhiyon ko regula karta hai. Ismein karobar, vyapar, company law, bankruptcies, aur antarraashtreey vyavsayik mamle shamil hote hain.

5. Kshetrik Kanoon (Property Law): Kshetrik kanoon sampatti, jameen, makan, aur anya vastuon ke adhikaron ko niyantrit karta hai. Yeh kanoon vyakti ki sampatti ko surakshit rakhta hai aur sampatti ke kharid, bech, ya transfer ke niyam ko niyantrit karta hai.

6. Shram Kanoon (Labour Law): Shram kanoon shramik aur unke adhikaron ko niyantrit karta hai. Ismein shramiyon ke karyakshetra mein suraksha, unke adhikar, aur shram sambandhi niyam shamil hote hain.

7. Parivahan Kanoon (Transportation Law): Parivahan kanoon bharat mein vyakti aur vastuon ki suraksha aur yatra sambandhi niyamon ko niyantrit karta hai. Ismein sadak, rel, hawaai yatra, aur jal yatra se judi niyam shamil hote hain.

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8. Kanooni Seva Kshetra (Legal Services): Bharat mein kanooni sevaon ka vikaas kiya gaya hai, jise Legal Services Authority Act, 1987 dwara niyantrit kiya gaya hai. Iske antargat nyay prapti ke liye avashyak sujhav aur madad pradan ki jati hai.

Yeh kuch mukhya kanoon ke kshetra hain. Bharat mein aur bhi anek prakar ke kanoon hain jo samaj ko niyantrit karte hain aur nyay pradan karte hain. Har kanoon ki mool uddeshya samajik nyay, suraksha, aur samriddhi ko badhane ka hai.

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